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 Dept. of Aesthetics & Communication

 
 
 
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Similarities and Differences between Clauses and Nominals
- Comparative Syntax across Theoretical Approaches

Research project at the Inst. of Language, Literature and Culture, Faculty of Humanities, University of Aarhus,
financed by Forskningsrådet for Kultur og Kommunikation (Danish Research Council for Culture and Communication)

This web page: Linguists in the project - Short project description

The other web pages of the project:
Long project description (pdf-file)
Publications (coming later)
Talks and hand-outs

Events arranged by the project:
International Workshop, November 20-21, 2009
International Workshop, December 13-14, 2012

 

Linguists in the project

Name Position Office Telephone E-mail
Eva Engels Post doc
2009-2013
Building 1481 / Room 329,
English, Dept. of Aesthetics & Communication
University of Aarhus
(+45)
8716 2643
engee
@hum.au.dk
Steffen Krogh Associate
professor
Building 1481 / Room 456,
German, Dept. of Aesthetics & Communication
University of Aarhus
(+45)
8716 3516
gersk
@hum.au.dk
Henning Nølke Professor Building 1481 / Room 664,
French, Dept. of Aesthetics & Communication
University of Aarhus
(+45)
8716 2356
romhn
@hum.au.dk
Katrine Planque
Tafteberg
Ph.D.
Student
2008-2012
Building 1481 / Room 663,
French, Dept. of Aesthetics & Communication
University of Aarhus
(+45)
8716 2619
romkbtj
@hum.au.dk
Sten Vikner Professor Building 1481 / Room 330,
English, Dept. of Aesthetics & Communication
University of Aarhus
(+45)
8716 2639
sten.vikner
@hum.au.dk
Johanna Wood Associate
professor
Building 1481 / Room 328,
English, Dept. of Aesthetics & Communication
University of Aarhus
(+45)
8716 3896
engjw
@hum.au.dk

Eva Engels
Eva Engels
Steffen Krogh
Steffen Krogh
Henning Nølke
Henning Nølke
Katrine Planque Tafteberg
Katrine Planque
Tafteberg
Sten Vikner
Sten Vikner
Johanna Wood
Johanna Wood

 

Short project description

One of the fundamental grammatical distinctions is the one between verbs and nouns. The project Similarities and Differences between Clauses and Nominals focusses on examining the syntactic dimension of this basic distinction. The point is that verbs and nouns have rather different possibilities of syntactic combination. The verb is the central element of the syntactic units that we call clauses, whereas the noun is the central element of the syntactic units that we call nominals, as illustrated in the following examples:

1.    (... while) Maria carefully read the novel       (clause, with the verb underlined)
2. (... during) Maria's careful reading of the novel       (nominal, with the noun underlined)

It is striking that in spite of the syntactic differences between the structures, the two examples express more or less the same content. The interesting task is now to map out which similarities or parallels there are between clauses and nominals, and in which respects clauses and nominals are completely different. The project will investigate such similarities and differences in detail, and it will furthermore examine which circumstances condition these similarities and differences, including which contexts favour one or the other.

The project is divided into three areas (argument structure, modifiers, determiners) and all three areas will be examined from a comparative point of view, with the emphasis on Danish, English, French, German and Yiddish.

Long project description (pdf-file)

Publications (coming later)

Talks and hand-outs

 

The project is indirectly affiliated with the following projects:

REthinking COmparative Syntax Rethinking Comparative Syntax, 2010-2015
Cambridge University / Funded by the European Research Council.
Principal Investigator: Ian Roberts
Senior Research Associate: Theresa Biberauer
Research Associates: Michelle Sheehan, Jenneke van der Wal
Research Assistant: Tim Bazalgette, Alison Biggs
Cambridge University

Cambridge University Structure and Linearization in Disharmonic Word Orders, 2007-2010
Cambridge University & Newcastle University
Funded by the British Arts and Humanities Research Council.
Principal Investigators: Anders Holmberg (NU), Ian Roberts (CU)
Senior Research Assistant: Theresa Biberauer (CU)
Research Assistant: Michelle Sheehan (NU)
Newcastle University

NORMS

ScanDiaSyn

Dialect Syntax and Microvariation, 2003-2009
University of Konstanz
Funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.
Principal Investigators: Josef Bayer, Ellen Brandner
Universität Konstanz

DanDiaSyn DanDiaSyn - Danish Dialect Syntax, 2007-2008
University of Aarhus & University of Copenhagen
Funded by the Danish Research Council for Culture and Communication.
Principal Investigators: Henrik Jørgensen (AU), Karen Margrethe Pedersen (KU), Sten Vikner (AU)
Research Assistants: Lena Wienecke Andersen (KU), Karen Thaagaard Hagedorn (AU)

Object positions, 2005-2007
University of Aarhus
Funded by the Danish Research Council for Culture and Communication.
Principal Investigators: Henrik Jørgensen, Sten Vikner
Research Assistants: Tavs Bjerre, Eva Engels
Aarhus Universitet

    This document is
http://www.hum.au.dk/engelsk/engsv/clauses-nominals/
 
First posted: March 2008   -   Last modified:  November 16, 2012
Comments and suggestions to Sten Vikner